Biodiversity

Biodiversity

Together we can protect and promote the ecological values of our South Coast region.

Biodiversity is the abundance and variety of life – it includes ecosystems, the species and populations they support, and the genetic material they contain.The South Coast NRM region has a rich and significant biodiversity, including the internationally recognised UNESCO Biodiversity Hotspot covering most of the Fitzgerald National Park.  Scientists have identified 35 ‘biodiversity hotspots’ around the world – areas considered to be of international significance, which support a combination of high levels of endemic species and biodiversity.

A healthy biodiverse environment is valuable for health and wellbeing and also contributes to tourism and the beauty of the region. It also contributes to the economic health of the agricultural sector through the provision of ecosystem services, such as supporting crop pollination and maintaining water quality. Native vegetation is essential for maintaining ecological functions including hydrological processes and nutrient cycling and it provides shelter and habitat for flora and fauna. Approximately 60% of the South Coast region includes remnant native vegetation, but only 21% is within protected estates.

South Coast NRM is addressing threats to the region’s biodiversity from Phytophthora Dieback disease, inappropriate fire regimes and wildfire, unsustainable land use practices, introduced animals and environmental weeds.

South Coast NRM is addressing threats to the region’s biodiversity from Phytophthora Dieback disease, inappropriate fire regimes and wildfire, unsustainable land use practices, introduced animals and environmental weeds.

A Threatened Ecological Community is a natural environment which supports a community of native plants, animals and other organisms that are recognised for their unique biodiversity, landscapes and habitat values and the ecosystem services that these provide. They are under threat from human activity such as land clearing, inappropriate water or fire management, pollution, development and climate change.

South Coast NRM is undertaking a comprehensive and long term range of conservation measures to protect these TECs through monitoring, measuring,  restoration and other on-ground works.

Threatened and endangered species found in our region include Gilbert’s Potoroo, Dibbler, Western Ground Parrot, Noise Scrub Bird, and the  Carnaby’s and Baudin’s cockatoos.

 

Case Studies

  • Land for Wildlife

    South Coast NRM is delighted to be working with the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions to deliver Land for Wildlife in the South Coast region.

    Land for Wildlife is a free, voluntary program that encourages and supports landholders wanting to conserve wildlife habitat on their properties, which in turn protects wildlife in their local areas. By providing stepping stones of habitat and creating corridors of vegetation across the landscape, the long term survival of native plants and animals is enhanced. It helps to protect those species and communities that don’t occur in the formal conservation reserve system.

    For the past decade, South Coast NRM has worked extensively with Catchment groups in the region to assist the local community to protect and enhance biodiversity through funding of practical on ground works. Activities include revegetation of the land, fencing to reduce grazing pressures, weed and feral animal control and management of the devastating plant disease Phytophthora Dieback.

     

    For more information about Land for Wildlife in the South Coast NRM region, please contact Meredith Spencer, Biodiversity Officer on 9845 8556 or email merediths@southcoastnrm.com.au

    Further information about the program can be found at:
    https://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/management/off-reserve-conservation/land-for-wildlife

  • Managing Dieback

    Phytophthora Dieback is a plant disease caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi, an introduced soil borne plant pathogen that can devastate plant communities (link to project web page). Up to 40% of the native species in the region are susceptible to the disease. There is currently no effective elimination technique for Phytophthora Dieback and it can irreversibly alter plant communities, killing susceptible species. Preventing further spread is essential to protect the unique ecosystems of the region and South Coast NRM has developed a Dieback Framework and toolkit to help manage the disease.

  • Protecting biodiversity Restoring Gondwana

    Restoring Gondwana: Revegetating and protecting the forest to Fitzgerald macro-corridor in the south-west biodiversity hotspot stretching approximately 400 km from the Walpole Wilderness to the Stirling Range and Fitzgerald River National Park, the forest to Fitzgerald macro-corridor is home to some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth, ranging from high-rainfall karri and tingle forests in the west, to proteaceous rich sandplains, woodlands and mallee heath as rainfall lowers further eastward.

    This project was set up to improve the connectivity of biodiversity across the macro-corridor landscape and reduce the impact of threats such as, feral animals, invasive weeds and  Phytophthora dieback with an intention to strengthen the resilience of its ecosystems to climate change and to protect its threatened species.

    The project had restored and/or protected at least 60,767 ha of biodiverse corridors on and adjacent to, cleared agricultural land to reduce fragmentation between core ecosystem areas within the Forest to Fitzgerald macro-corridor.

    The project had restored and/or protected at least 60,767 ha of biodiverse corridors on and adjacent to, cleared agricultural land to reduce fragmentation between core ecosystem areas within the Forest to Fitzgerald macro-corridor.

  • Drone technology

    South Coast NRM have been trialling drone technology as a cost effective and more effective way to monitor the progress of restoration from paddock back to natural vegetation.

    Biodiversity Cutting Edge Conservation

How We're Helping

  • .